Fwd: Celtic studies



Subject: Fwd: Celtic studies
Date: Mon, 23 Mar 2009 04:23:48 EDT

Hello Myron,

Diego Rapoport gave me your email address, and told me of your interest in Celtic studies, including the potential to create a department of Celtic studies at MEU. I have been researching the Celtic culture for some time now, with a specific interest in the tradition of Beltane, the computational potential of Stone henge, and the peculiar history of the Hyperboreans. My research into the Klein Bottle led me into this inquiry, particularly due to the comments made by Herodotus with regard to the statement “if there are Hyperboreans, there must also be Hypernotians. From Herodotus:

“But the persons who have by far the most to say on this subject are the Delians. They declare that certain offerings, packed in wheaten straw, were brought from the country of the Hyperboreans into Scythia, and that the Scythians received them and passed them on to their neighbours upon the west, who continued to pass them on until at last they reached the Adriatic. From hence they were sent southward, and when they came to Greece, were received first of all by the Dodonaeans. Thence they descended to the Maliac Gulf, from which they were carried across into Euboea, where the people handed them on from city to city, till they came at length to Carystus. The Carystians took them over to Tenos, without stopping at Andros; and the Tenians brought them finally to Delos. Such, according to their own account, was the road by which the offerings reached the Delians. Two damsels, they say, named Hyperoche and Laodice, brought the first offerings from the Hyperboreans; and with them the Hyperboreans sent five men to keep them from all harm by the way; these are the persons whom the Delians call “Perpherees,” and to whom great honours are paid at Delos. Afterwards the Hyperboreans, when they found that their messengers did not return, thinking it would be a grievous thing always to be liable to lose the envoys they should send, adopted the following plan:- they wrapped their offerings in the wheaten straw, and bearing them to their borders, charged their neighbours to send them forward from one nation to another, which was done accordingly, and in this way the offerings reached Delos. I myself know of a practice like this, which obtains with the women of Thrace and Paeonia. They in their sacrifices to the queenly Diana bring wheaten straw always with their offerings. Of my own knowledge I can testify that this is so.

The damsels sent by the Hyperboreans died in Delos; and in their honour all the Delian girls and youths are wont to cut off their hair. The girls, before their marriage-day, cut off a curl, and twining it round a distaff, lay it upon the grave of the strangers. This grave is on the left as one enters the precinct of Diana, and has an olive-tree growing on it. The youths wind some of their hair round a kind of grass, and, like the girls, place it upon the tomb. Such are the honours paid to these damsels by the Delians.

They add that, once before, there came to Delos by the same road as Hyperoche and Laodice, two other virgins from the Hyperboreans, whose names were Arge and Opis. Hyperoche and Laodice came to bring to Ilithyia the offering which they had laid upon themselves, in acknowledgment of their quick labours; but Arge and Opis came at the same time as the gods of Delos,’ and are honoured by the Delians in a different way. For the Delian women make collections in these maidens’ names, and invoke them in the hymn which Olen, a Lycian, composed for them; and the rest of the islanders, and even the Ionians, have been taught by the Delians to do the like. This Olen, who came from Lycia, made the other old hymns also which are sung in Delos. The Delians add that the ashes from the thigh-bones burnt upon the altar are scattered over the tomb of Opis and Arge. Their tomb lies behind the temple of Diana, facing the east, near the banqueting-hall of the Ceians. Thus much then, and no more, concerning the Hyperboreans.

As for the tale of Abaris, who is said to have been a Hyperborean, and to have gone with his arrow all round the world without once eating, I shall pass it by in silence. Thus much, however, is clear: if there are Hyperboreans, there must also be Hypernotians.”

At present I am completing an analysis of geometry under the constraint of using a compass and straight edge alone. It is unsurprising that all measures arise from working with circles. What is surprising however, is that the geometry is self generating, and reveals the cartesian coordinates in the building of its matrix, as it does the hypercube and relationships between 6d 4d and 2d through a sexmigesimal relationship that anchors the geometry to the astronomical foundation of helicentric spactime correllations- though from the perspective of looking toward the ground- and hence to the shadow as the subtle trace of time and process, rather than out to open space, where the platonic solids were considered as derived from planetary epicycles (Kepler).

Through this work, numerous other areas of investigation have arisen, one of which concerns the linguistic basis of the Beltane festivals, and the correlation between Beltain and the honouring of Baal, or the Lord, in the middle eastern regions. Bel – Sun and Baal – Lord, taine- emergency and eigenn- force have very interesting etymological roots, which I have come to see, relate to a multiplistic semantic utility of a system of belief based on an architecture of complex systems- social political and religious- and inherent in built architectures.

The “forced fires” of beltane, which is where the root of the May Day signal arises, were a means of signaling or alerting the “realm” to impending emergency, or invasion. Such signals would naturally travel at the speed of light, with fires being lit accross the countryside. Sound signals, such as the Bell, in a steeple would simmilarly though locally, alert all of the people to gather within the gates of the communities perimeter – boundary, or into the kirk (circe- circle)– which is the root of the word church.

Honouring the Sun as the Ruler of the greater realm, that is the solar system, was common to all ancient belief systems, and is implicit in the earliest architectures, one the most transparent and complete,of those remaining, being Stone henge.

With the convention of imposing a dissociation from the sun, the god concept (all that is ruled by the sun) itself is dissociated from the natural astronomical knowledge, and monotheism ( a negative theology which casts the god concept as a void or in the void and as such in a time prior to creation) which arises in the chaldean hittite, median and archemedian empires, (kurgan invasions- indo european settlements through the bronze age- and with the “heretic” king Akhenaton, provides a means through which rulers can take the position of the sun, and mystify the people through a fictional demiurge, (themselves as god- a common title or entitlement that was supposedly due to the degree of ones mathematical knowledge- hence Thales is entitles to be called a god, due to his utility of the lunar eclipse as a means to end a long standing conflict) supported by a fictional cosmology that projects the notion of the sun being controlled by a mysterious agency, whose authority flows through the “crown” of the one ordained by the “father” (law of patristic inheritance). with the imposition of the fictional foundations, the utility of the law of non contradiction provides the means through which control is engendered through education and psychology. I have come to the conclusion that this is ultimately a dimensional reduction of the geometrics of astronomical reckonings to a 2d plain geometry, suppported through the utility of the cipher, zepher, zero and concealment of th
e foundations as architectural plans which encode all of the astronomical knowledge into physical structures, in a manner that is either transparent or concealed, and requiring degrees of instruction in the arts of geometry in order to access the codified knowledge.

language arises from the encoding of information that is re-marked from the gnomic records of the shadows of the sun and moon, on the earth originally taken from the use of the sighting staff, or landscape markers, and after the complex architectures were concieved, the complexity of the records were not only uneccessary, their foundaitons could be concealed for the purpose of maintaining control over information flows. Through the utility of tools- set squares, merkhet, setchat, notably arising after 1500bc, the foundations of the geometrics became ambiguous, and ungrounded, with no explicit reference to the association with the earth sun and moon, other than with Euclid- the definition of a point being “that which has no parts” and the center and circumference of circle being real points. Euclids foundations are peculiar in this respect. Why he did not provide explicit details for the generation of a perfect 90 degree angle, based simply on the vesica piscis, which enters his discourse with regard to the generation of equilateral triangle is of great importance in coming to terms with that which is excluded in the post Aristotelean works, and indeed that which is presented as false- such as the heliocentric perspective of Aristarchus of Samos, in the first paragraph of Archemedes Sand Reckoner. Plutarch provides some important details concerning the “academy” with respect to Aristarchus, which is pertinent today.

The analemma takes a year to record, and requires the understanding of the hours of the day, in order to do so. In attempting to prove that there is more to cosmology than the authorised schematic, which for Plato is lamented in his cave dialogues, it would be neccesary to undertake a year long exercise, or indeed show the details of the maths revealed in the complex architectures, which were, at least for the ancient greeks (after the greek dark age) elsewhere. Proving the complete foundations of astronomy, would obviously “undo” the heirarchy of power, and with the serpentine analemma, the storm gods, the water gods, the father of serpents – the egyptian god Geb whose phallus is the gnomon, and Nephthys and Set being associated with all that was evil, dark, hidden and concealed, the power of authority was mystifying, or “fascinating” in the true sense of the word, and quite literally, as it is today. Semantics in a world where the majority of young people have been ill informed in basic numeracy and literacy, is the means through which control is projected through communications that do not provide reasonable foundations and permit the projections from corporate entities through the audio visual “educational” noise from advertising and marketing agencies, and more recently, from the science documentaries authorised by NOVA and funded by EXXON, to control the way in which truth is coloured, and indeed from what Facet of the daimond body of knowledge it convenient.

I am aware of your interest in the celtic tradition, and wish to point you towards these links below.

I am heartened to hear that there is a strong interest in researching the prehistoric roots of the ancient britons, as there is much in this, particularly as the imperialist tradition of mystical heraldry was not introduced until the norman invasion in 1066. Well prior to this, and from the neolithic- it is possible that the early communities may have functioned like the ancient nomarchies of the predynastic Egypt- guided (not over-ruled) from the gnomic knowledge of astronomy, and scientific realism.

It will be a remarkable world when the only execution of an entity -through “drawing and quartering”, is done on paper with a compass and a straight edge, in order to provide guidelines to a positive society ruled by common sense science.

best regards

Melanie Purcell.

Geneticists Show That Irish Are A Race Apart LONDON (Reuters) – Irish geneticists have used surnames and the male Y chromosome to reconstruct a one thousand year-old genetic map of Ireland that shows the Irish really are a race apart.

Scientists use Irish genes to uncover Europe’s past A genetic signature nearly as unique to the Irish as leprechauns and shamrocks is helping researchers understand the origin of Ireland’s earliest settlers and the prehistoric movement of people across Europe.

Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins Ireland’s position on the western edge of Europe suggests that the genetics of its population should have been relatively undisturbed by the demographic movements that have shaped variation on the mainland. We have typed 221 Y chromosomes from Irish males for seven (slowly evolving) biallelic and six (quickly evolving) simple tandem-repeat markers. When these samples are partitioned by surname, we find significant differences in genetic frequency between those of Irish Gaelic and of foreign origin, and also between those of eastern and western Irish origin. Connaught, the westernmost Irish province, lies at the geographical and genetic extreme of a Europe-wide cline.

To Melanie Purcell

Many thanks! This is a most learned exposition and it would be interesting to create a Department of Celtic Studies inside the MEU. We are currently in the process of forming a Senate, made up of heads of department, and the idea of a Celtic studies department has been accepted in principle. I would like to see it combine philology, human genetics, archeology and classical manuscript studies. As you know the word “Celtic” is classical Greek, from Keltoi, a word for peoples of northern Europe circa 1,400 BC. Francis Prior has a highly developed interest in the prehistory of Britain, and he has produced the BBC Series “Britain BC” and “Britain AD”. There has been a continuity of culture in the British Archipelago of 6,200 islands for maybe twelve thousand years, so it is a unique opportunity for studies of this nature. I would expect various staff members of the Department of Celtic Studies to be fluent in all the extant Celtic languages: Breton, Gaelic, Irish and Welsh, with scholars with ability in Cornish and Manx. It may be possible to piece together sentences of the Gaulish language for example. if you are interested we can offer you a post in the Department, at first voluntary. We have already affiliated with distinguished Academies and Institutions in Europe.

Rector, MEU


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