A Short History of the B(3) Field

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I inferred the B(3) field after a year’s visit to Georges Wagniere’s group in the University of Zurich in Switzerland on leave from Cornell Theory Center, to which I moved from IBM Kingston, New York. In Zurich I worked on the inverse Faraday effect and lectured to the Nobel Laureate Richard Ernst’s group at ETH on optical NMR. Stanislaw Wozniak was on leave to Wagniere’s group and the three of us produced many papers on the inverse Faraday effect (Omnia Opera section of www.aias.us). We used the standard conjugate product method of explaining the inverse Faraday effect, and I developed my field applied computer simulation method for use with it. After returning to the Cornell Theory Center I realized in November 1991 that the conjugate product defines a longitudinal magnetic field. This inference is basically very simple, and was accepted for publication in three Physica B papers which appeared in 1992 and 1993. In December 1992 and January 1993, Jean-Pierre Vigier realized that the B(3) field implies finite photon mass, and from that point onwards I worked with Vigier and others to develop the gauge theory of the B(3) field. This development can be seen in its entirety on the Omnia Opera section of www.aias.us. The concept of B(3) was widely recognized almost immediately, and accepted by several leading scientists of the era, notably Mansel Davies, Jean-Pierre Vigier, Alwyn van der Merwe, Stanislaw Kielich, Bo Lehnert and John Wheeler. Much later it became known that B(3) like concepts had been developed by Larry Horwitz and his group, Terence Barrett, and Henning Harmuth and his group. My unique contribution was to recognize that B(3) is necessary for a consistent explanation of the inverse Faraday effect, which is magnetization by electromagnetic radiation. I also realized that B(3) necessitates the revision of U(1) gauge theory, which is now known to be untenable. I replaced it initially by O(3) gauge theory and form 2003 onwards, generally covariant unified field theory. Thus B(3) is the observable magnetic field that shows that electromagnetism is a theory of general relativity. It was recognized by a British Civil List pension in 2005. It was mentioned to me by Mansel Davies in 1992 that the idea deserved a Nobel Prize in chemistry, and since then the interest in it has proliferated, because it overturns the dogma of standard physics. It is now generally accepted, and shows, via the ECE theory, that the dogma of the standard model of physics is entirely obsolete. Recently the idea has received several Nobel Prize nominations. A more detailed history of B(3) is given by Kerry Pendergast in his biography, “The Life of Myron Evans” available on this site.

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